Brown Anole Care – Habitat Requirements, Diet, Health, And More

Brown Anole Care – Habitat Requirements, Diet, Health, And More

This detailed, comprehensive guide on brown anole care will teach you about their habitat parameters, health, diet, behavior, and more!

Species Summary

The Brown Anole is a very common pet lizard that you will encounter very often in Florida as well as many other places all over the country. They can also go up to Southern California, so they come with a massive habitat. These are robust, small lizards that a lot of people love because they are very small and fun to be around.

Brown Anole Availability

You can find the Brown Anole all over the US, as well as a vast array of different places in North America. This is a very common reptile, so it’s easy to see it active in these regions. You can also find them in Bahamas or Cuba too!


The Brown Anole has an average lifespan that goes anywhere from 3 and up to 5 years.

Brown Anole Appearance

brown anole care

The Brown Anole comes with a light brown color, but it will have a darker brown black. It will also feature some black markings on the back and a few tan lines that can be with a lighter color. Like many other reptiles out there, it can change color, from dark brown it can even go to black and other colors similar to that. It has a dewlap that goes from yellow and up to orange red, based on the situation.


When it comes to size, the males can be up to 20 cm in length, some individuals going upwards of 22 or even 23 cm. Females are way shorter, from 7.6 to 15 cm at most. The male also has a rather small head, while the female can easily be identified because she has a unique stripe which is light brown.

6 Cool Brown Anole Facts

Brown Anole Terrarium Requirements

The brown anole, much like many other reptiles, require specific habitat parameters. Meeting these requirements provides the ultimate care for a brown anole.

brown anole tank


You will notice that a single Brown Anole will live without a problem in a 10-gallon tank. When you add a new brown anole, you will need to have 5 gallons of space per new member. The tank should be as high as possible, since the Brown Anole loves to climb. You want to avoid housing two males or a male and multiple females.


Lighting-wise, you will need UVB bulbs, these are pivotal for anoles. The reason behind that is it helps them synthesize D3, which helps with calcium. Ideally you want to expose the Brown Anole to the UVB light up to 14 hours every day. Without this lighting system, the anole will develop bone diseases, and these will shorten its lifespan.


Temperature requirements differ, but ideally you want to keep them between 24 to 26 degrees Celsius during the day, up to 30 degrees at one point. During the night, you must keep the temperatures higher than 21 degrees Celsius. Temperature is important in brown anole care. Too much heat and too little heat will harm it.


brown anole health

The preferred humidity for the anoles is anywhere from 60% to 70%. You can have a water dish that helps maintain humidity, but misting often can be a really good idea. You also want to make sure that you cover some of the enclosure to prevent any water loss. Either that, or you can add plants for the extra moisture.


The Brown Anole needs a substrate with a variety of compounds. Coconut husk bedding or cypress mulch will be great for an anole. The idea here is to have a substrate that has the ability to hold moisture, since these animals prefer to have a lot of humidity.


It’s a good idea to clean the terrarium every day in order to remove droppings, uneaten greens or insects. You should also disinfect it every week, just to be safe.

Brown Anole Health

A healthy Brown Anole will usually be very alert and bright. It will also have a clean vent, not to mention the nostrils and eyes are clear as well. its skin shouldn’t have any parasites or signs of damage. Shedding is normal for the Brown Anole, just like in the case of most reptiles. A healthy Brown Anole will always be ready to eat, and it passes feces every couple of days.

If any of these things are not looking properly, then the Brown Anole is most likely sick. They are prone to skin problems, eye problems and they can also have digestive problems. Going to the vet if the Brown Anole doesn’t seem healthy is a must have. Even skin coloration changes, behavioral and weight changes are something you want to focus on here.

Brown Anole Food & Diet

brown anole diet

The Brown Anole is mostly eating insects. They can also eat nectar, liquid type fruits and pollen. So it’s ok to give your Brown Anole some fruits, as they might eat or lick those fruits. Ideally your Brown Anole’s diet needs to be as full of insects as possible. Some good options are spiders, butterflies, moths, regular flies, cockroaches, small earthworms, mealworms, smaller locusts and even crickets. If possible, try to supplement their food with some mineral and calcium dusting powder. You can add this every 2-3 feeding sessions.

Brown Anole Behavior & Temperament

A Brown Anole is usually very active and will jump around all the time. if the weather is cold, it just hides inside rotten logs or under the tree barks. One thing to note about Brown Anoles is that they are indeed social creatures, so while they do have separate territories, they connect with one another very often. When the Brown Anole is provoked, it will defecate, urinate and bite. They can also do a short hiss when they fight or they believe they are in danger.

Brown Anole FAQ

What is the incubation period?

The Brown Anole incubation period is 6-8 weeks, and there will be 1-2 eggs at most.

Do Brown Anoles eat small fish?

Yes, if the habitat has any type of water, they will eat small fish.


The Brown Anole stands out as an incredible animal and a wonderful pet. It’s a pet full of energy, and it will impress you with its amazing energy levels and loyalty. It’s certainly worth it to have such a pet, just because it’s so unique and different. People love Brown Anoles because they are fun to be around. Just remember that Brown Anole care is important if you are going to keep one as a pet!


Having grown up with geckos and a bearded dragon as pets, my passion for reptiles has sparked once again! When I'm not writing about reptiles, I can be found gaming and maintaining physical shape.

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